A study permit is a written authorization issued by an officer allowing foreign nationals to study in Canada. A study permit becomes invalid 90 days after your study program has been completed. Your program is considered complete when you receive a notification of program completion from your school.
Generally, foreign nationals must obtain a study permit in order to study in Canada. However, foreign nationals may be exempted from requiring a study permit in the following situations:
Family members or private staff accompanying a foreign representative accredited by Global Affairs Canada; or
Members of the armed forces of a country or territory designated for the purposes of the Visiting Forces Act.
If your program of study is six months or less but you intend to continue your studies in another program, you should apply for a study permit before coming to Canada. This allows you to apply to extend your stay as a student from within Canada. Otherwise, you will have to apply for a study permit from outside of Canada.
Once you have your acceptance letter from a designated learning institution in Canada, you can complete and submit an application for a study permit.
The candidate of a Study Permit must:
Meet the requirements of the IRPA and the IRPR including leaving Canada at the end of your studies;
Have satisfactory proof of financial support
Are law-abiding and have no record of criminal activity
Will not be a risk to the security of Canada
Are in good health (a medical examination may be requested)
Will produce additional documents requested by the officer to establish your admissibility
Generally, a study permit is not required for:
Completing a distance learning program;
Following audit courses (where a student is permitted to attend an academic course without obtaining credits);
Taking courses included in tour packages as a secondary activity for tourists;
Taking a course which is not academic, professional or vocational in nature that is of general interest and can be completed within the period authorized upon entry to Canada;
Taking a course or a program of study which is six months or less that can be completed within the period authorized upon entry into Canada.
Once you are a student in Canada, you may extend your status as a student if you need additional time to complete your studies and if you continue to meet the above requirements.
There are various types of Work Permits
LMIA based work permit
Post Graduate Work Permits (PGWP
Open Work Permit
Bridging Work Permit
International Experience Class – Open Work Permit
Apply for a work permit – International Experience Canada
International Experience Canada (IEC) provides youth with the opportunity to travel and work in Canada. To participate:
Your country of citizenship must have an agreement with Canada that allows you to apply for an IEC work permit, or
You may be able to use a Recognized Organization.
Fund your vacation with temporary work in Canada. The type of work permit you get for Working Holiday is an open work permit.
This category is for you if:
You don’t have a job offer yet
You want to work for more than one employer in Canada
You want to work in more than one location
You’d like to earn some money so that you can travel
Gain Canadian professional work experience to better compete in a global economy. The type of work permit you get in the Young Professionals category is an employer-specific work permit.
This category is for you if:
You have a job offer in Canada that contributes to your professional development
You’ll work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada
International Co-op Internship
The type of work permit you get in the International Co-op (Internship) category is an employer-specific work permit. The internship you are offered in Canada must be directly linked to your field of studies and classified as a National Occupational Classification (NOC) Code Skill Type Level 0, A or B to be considered. A NOC C job might also be accepted if your internship is directly linked to your field of studies with a post-secondary institution in your country.
Temporary workers– LMIA based
You can apply for a Work permit if you have an approved Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). An LMIA is the approval of a job offer made by an established Canadian Business to a foreign national.
Student - Post Graduate Work Permit (PGWP)
If you have completed a post secondary or post graduate program in Canada that was valid for at least one year, you are eligible to apply for a Post Graduate Work Permit within 90 days from the day you completed your school program. When issued, your work permit will be valid for one year, two or three years depending on the duration of your program of study.
Extend your work permit – Bridging open work permit
If you have a valid open work permit, you may apply for an extension if you are a foreign worker currently with a valid open work permit and you have submitted an application for permanent residence and you have received the confirmation that your application for permanent residence have been received.
Other - Open Work Permits
You may qualify for an open work permit if you are:
Spouse or Common-law spouse of a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident currently residing in Canada.
You are the spouse or common-law partner of a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident who has submitted a spousal sponsorship application In-Canada Class on your behalf. You may obtain an open work permit if at the time your application for permanent residence is received by IRCC you have valid temporary status in Canada.
Refugee Claimant in Canada may apply for an open work permit if:
An IRCC officer has reviewed your claim and determined your refugee claim eligible for referral to the Immigration and Refugee Board;
you have undergone your medical examination.
Unenforceable Removal Order Holder
If you are currently in Canada under an unenforceable removal order, you may obtain an open work permit.
Temporary Resident Permit Holders (TRP)
If you are currently in Canada with an approved TRP issued by IRCC and valid for longer than 6 months, you may apply for an open work permit.